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THE UNDERGROUND LEVEL OF THE DUCAL COURTYARD:
EGYPTIAN SECTION OF THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM


ABOUT PHARAOHS

A visit to the Egyptian Section of the archaeological museum will also provide interesting information on pharaohs. The pharaoh was the most powerful person in ancient Egypt. Both a political and religious leader, he represented the gods on Earth during the Old Kingdom (2575 through 2135 BC). He was recognised as a superior being by his subjects during the Middle Kingdom (1994 through 1650 BC). Eventually, the New Kingdom (1550 through1075 BC) saw the Egyptian pharaoh representing the social classes entrusted with all decisional powers, i.e. the nobility, the army and temple priests. Among the exhibits on display are scroll ornaments bearing names of pharaohs, as well as two beautiful relieves depicting pharaohs with cobras on their heads. Ancient Egyptians regarded the snake as sacred. It was a symbol of the power and dominance of the pharaohs over their land.
   
Sculptural models from Ptolemaic Age (4th -3rd centuries BC), limestone, unknown provenance.
Pictured above, from left to right, are: a sculptural model depicting the head of a monarch in profile and a model, sculpted on both sides, one depicting a female bust with vulture-shaped headdress the other a male bust wearing an elaborate wig. Both sculptures feature the royal symbols. You can also see how a grid was used to divide the space into portions.

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Castello Sforzesco - Piazza Castello   20121 MILAN